What is Web Vulnerabilities
The Web vulnerability is a weakness or misconfiguration in a website or web application code that allows an attacker to gain some level of control of the site, and possibly the hosting server.
Types Of Web Vulnerabilities
SQL Injections- Web Vulnerability
An SQL injection is one of the most commonly exploited website vulnerabilities. It is used frequently used to gain access to open source content management system (CMS) applications, such as Joomla, WordPress, and Drupal.
This allows the cybercriminal to access the website in a variety of ways, including:
- Injecting malicious/spam posts into a site
- Stealing customer information
- Bypassing authentication to gain full control of the website
Broken Authentication & Session management- Web Vulnerability
A broken authentication web vulnerability can allow an attacker to use manual and/or automatic mediums to try to gain control over an account he/she wants in a system – or even worse – to gain complete control over the system.
Broken Authentication usually refers to logic issues that occur on the application authentication mechanism, like bad session management prone to username enumeration.
Sensitive data exposures- Web Vulnerability
Sensitive data exposure is one of the most widespread web vulnerabilities. It consists of compromising data that should have been protected.
Examples of Sensitive Data
Some sensitive data that requires protection is:
- Credit card numbers
- Social Security Numbers
- Health information
- Personally Identifiable Information
- Other personal information
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) – Web Vulnerability
XSS web vulnerability occurs when attackers inject scripts through unsanitized user input or other fields on a website to execute code on the site.
- Hijacked session
- Spams content
- Session data stealing
Some of the largest-scale attacks against WordPress have been from cross-site-scripting vulnerabilities.
Broken Access Control- Web Vulnerabilities
Access control means to put a limit on what sections or pages visitors can reach
For example, Giving the access login pages easily on CRM, that’s the problem with almost all major content management systems (CMS) these days. By default, they give worldwide access to the admin panel. Most of them also won’t force you to establish a second-factor authentication method (2FA).